Transportation of oversized cargo

With increased trade and economic growth, the need for trucking and truck dispatcher training cost is growing. Oversize cargo transportation is increasingly required. This is a difficult sector for several reasons. Often special vehicles are used for this.

It is difficult to load, stiffen, and move. Therefore, special equipment is used, and the requirements for professionalism of all employees are much higher. Oversize cargo transportation requires special permits, and firms specializing in such transportation are involved. The cost of transportation of oversized cargo depends on many factors, and it is usually much higher than normal transportation.

Carrier companies undertake to deliver cargo on time, without damage and delays en route, but at the same time, they must ensure the safety of transportation, not to create dangerous situations on the roads.

What is considered oversized cargo and how to transport them more easily?

The maximum permissible dimensions of loads are defined. If the load does not exceed

-20 m in length,
-4 m in height,
-2.5 m in width,
-more than 38 tons
it is considered oversized and is transported on a common basis. If the cargo exceeds these dimensions in even one dimension, it is oversized and requires special transportation. And you should note that all dimensions are measured with the vehicle. That is, if the height of the cargo is exactly 4 meters, it is obviously oversized, because together with the height of the vehicle.

Category of cargo, its parameters (weight, dimensions together with the vehicle);
envisioned route;
terms of transportation;
First of all, selected vehicles that are able to accommodate the load. Often, the optimal vehicle for this purpose is a low-bed trailer. This is a car without a body, and therefore, any cargo can be placed on it.
The choice of the route by which the oversized cargo will be transported is an important part of the job. You must consider all the metric parameters: the width of the roadway, the presence of bridges and arches through which the vehicle must pass. Instructions for the transportation of oversize cargo prohibits the use of public roads for this purpose.
Transportation of oversized cargo must be agreed with the road authorities by the route of transportation: local transportation, interregional, international. For approval, you must submit the documents of the application is considered within a week, and the permission is given or not given.
If the oversized cargo is assigned category 2, consideration of the application may be extended up to 20 days.

Rules of carriage
In some cases, the transportation of oversized cargo must be accompanied by a backup car with a flashing beacon or a traffic police patrol car. The oversized cargo carriage instruction prescribes such escort if

The width of the vehicle with the load is more than 4 m;
The length of the road train is more than 30 m;
When driving, the ratio of the roadway to the width of the load is such that the vehicle will partially occupy the oncoming lane;
The load is of category 2.
Over-sized loads are only transported under good weather conditions; if visibility is less than 100 m and there is ice on the road, the transport is cancelled.

During transportation, it is forbidden to deviate from the agreed route, to exceed the speed specified in the road service permit, to stop outside permitted parking areas.

In the event that the vehicle malfunctions during the journey, it is forbidden to continue.

Vehicles carrying oversized loads must be specially equipped. The braking system must provide uniform braking of the whole train and each part of it, preventing it from “folding”.Any tractor trailer must be equipped with a brake that can be used to stop the wheeled vehicle in case it breaks away from the tractor. The parking brakes must hold the vehicle on a slope not exceeding 16 degrees, they must act on all wheels.

When transporting bulky goods vehicles must be equipped with orange flashing beacons. Each vehicle must be identified by a sign: “oversized cargo” or “road train”.

Carriers are responsible for
Transportation of oversized cargo is a responsible and expensive task. Firms engaged in such transportation are obliged to

Avoid damage to the pavement en route;
Avoid damage to utilities en route;
avoid emergencies;
If damage occurs, carry out repairs at his own expense.
Inspector of the traffic police may stop the vehicle and check the permit for transportation. The driver is obliged to show it.

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