Transportation of bulk cargo

Transportation of bulk cargo is a complicated operation for the reason that the vehicle involved in this easier loses its balance, less stable on the road. If the rules of transportation are not followed, loose cargo can crumble and create an obstacle to the movement of other vehicles. In addition, some materials are capable of self-heating and self-ignition. This is confirmed by the people who teach at the dispatcher training.

Bulk cargo includes:

Construction materials – crushed stone, sand, gravel, soil, etc.
Raw materials and products of the chemical industry, such as mineral fertilizers.
Food products and raw materials for their production: sugar, salt, etc.
A separate category includes bulk cargoes, which have more stringent requirements for the carriage of which are characterized by the possibility of displacement. Cargo delivered in bulk is usually divided into grain and non-grain (coal, ores, etc.).

Bulk cargo is transported using special equipment – dump trucks, tank trucks, containers. Covered wagons, open wagons and hoppers are used for rail transportation.

Rules of transportation of bulk cargoes
The driver, engaged in the transportation of bulk cargo must undergo special training that teaches the peculiarities of driving a vehicle, and have a permit to this type of activity.
When transporting by truck, it must be equipped with a thick tent, preventing the scattering and blowing out of the materials.
The cargo in the body must be evenly distributed so that its parts do not protrude above the level of the sides.
The carrying capacity of the vehicle used in transportation must not be exceeded.
If the load is heavy and occupies a small area, it must be placed at the front of the vehicle.
The driver must have the bill of lading, a contract for the delivery, as well as other documents required for the transportation of common goods.
The route is specially designed so that the vehicle moved on convenient roads, or by the shortest route.
It is very important to strictly obey the rules of the traffic rules and adhere to the recommended speed limits, since some bulk cargo under the influence of friction during transportation can ignite.

Transportation of bulk cargo by rail
When transporting loose goods by rail, covering the wagon with a tent is only necessary if there is a risk of blowing out or damaging it by atmospheric precipitation. Some crops may only be transported in a covered container or wagon.
Before loading, all slots, if any, must be sealed to prevent the loaded material from falling through them.
If the wagon is side-loaded, a guard must be provided to prevent spillage when the doors are opened.
The rest of the rules are the same as those designed for ordinary cargo.

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